A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—Employers, Managers, Foremen

164.—Foremen and Overlookers

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Editor's note: in the original book this has the code 164-169.

takes contract from employers for certain work e.g. removing scrap iron and other metal from trucks to steel furnaces, at so much a ton; engages and pays men engaged on job under him.
contractor, gantry
contracts with firm for unloading ore, etc., into roasting kilns at blast furnace; is paid at so much a ton and himself supervises and pays gantrymen (278) q.v.
flat overlooker (card clothing)
a foreman in charge of flat stretchers (225) q.v. .; overlooks work and rejects any faulty flats; examines good working of machines and makes adjustments, if necessary, gaffer; slang term for foreman in steel works.
hillman (shipbuilding)
see iron checker.
hoistman (blast furnace)
in modern works where most of the operations are mechanical, controls from a small room by means of various electric levers and switches, such operation; : as charging furnace, tipping bell, dipping rod; works by scrutiny of a working model and plan of the furnace and sees progress of charging etc. from observation of electric lights and signs.
iron checker (shipbuilding) ; hillman
foreman of iron stowers (279) q.v.; records and checks incoming and out-going steel material, coal, etc.; supertends placing in racks and issues or plates, angles, bars, etc.; cf. iron stockkeeper (940).
loom supervisor
supervises erection from mills; travels from place to place as required for setting-up of loom, sees that necessary adjustments are made by loom mounter (210) q.v. , and hands over loom in working order.
mill superintendent (galvanised sheet, tin plate)
see roll turner.
pipe major (foundry)
a foreman supervising work of moulders (180), casters (183), and pipe pit labourers (183) q.v. in pipe foundry.
plumbers' foreman
superintends work of plumbers (252) q.v. on a contract; usually himself a working plumber; may travel from job to job supervising work, e.g. laying of lead roof, run and fall of pipes, jointing, etc.; generally works in conjunction with general foreman of job regarding cutting away or making good brickwork or woodwork to follow run through of pipes; usually engages and discharges plumbers and renders wage sheets and time records to office,
rate fixer
fixes piece rate or time limit for a certain piece of work in an engineering shop, on basis of practical experience in many operations (usually repetition work); may himself perform operation or may watch and time an average worker; usually done by foreman.
roll turner
(i) (iron and steel rolling) turns rolls, or is responsible for turning, facing and setting of rolls, on a lathe, when surface of rolls has become uneven through much use; is responsible for working and condition of rolls, and usually controls work of hot and cold rolling department; supervises work of roll fluters (200) q.v. where employed;
(ii) (galvanised sheet and tinplate trades) mill superintendent; roil turning duties as for (i); does not, however, control both hot and cold rolling departments; (hot rolling) also works out specifications for different sizes and weights of sheets, and determines margin to be allowed in size and weight of bar for production of sheets of given size; (cold rolling) does not work out specifications; is usually known as cold rolls foreman.
testing officer (waterworks)
supervises work of testers (278) q.v. who examine taps, cisterns, etc., visually, by weight in balance, by screwing on hydraulic machine which registers water pressure by means of dials; records results of tests.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.