A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 2.—Makers of Glass and Glassware

139.—Other Workers

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assistant teazer
see cave emptier.
batch labourer, batch mixer's labourer
fetches and carries material for batch mixer (138) (q.v.) and assists generally about mixing crucible.
bench boy, bencher
see disc boy.
block lapper
repairs polishing pads or "blocks," and polishing tables, by removing old felt and recovering with new.
block minder, block boy
(i) couples up air nozzle in blowing cylinders for sheet glass;
(ii) with a brush, dabs rouge or emery to blocks or moulds in lens grinding or polishing; fetches and carries, rouge, lenses, etc., for grinders, polishers, etc., and assists them generally;
(iii) assists gatherer (123) (q.v.) in process of cylinder making; keeps clean, and blacks gatherer's block, or . marver, takes glass for re-heating before further blowing.
manipulates compressed air on machine.
boy (glass tube drawing)
see fanner (glass tube drawing).
keeps floor around bottle tank free from glass.
carriage runner (glass manufacture)
a labourer who pushes carriage or trolley loaded with glassware to and from lehrs or kilns and who carries in pots for setting.
general term for any person engaged in carrying or trucking materials or finished goods, including carrier (cylinder), carrier-off, taker-in, taker-out, sucker man, splitter girl (q.v.), etc.
carrier, cylinder ; splitter girl
a carrier (q.v.) who carries cylinders to and from cylinder splitter (124) (q.v.).
see post boy.
(i) see taker-out;
(ii) carries bottles from sorter (138) (q.v.) to tiers for stacking in warehouse.
cave emptier, cave man ; assistant teazer, cinder boy
assists founder or teazer (122) (q.v.) by removing clinkers and ashes from cave, a tunnel under furnace; also acts as gas producer attendant (953) (q.v.).
charcoal man
heats and wheels charcoal to furnaces for plate glass.
in glass tube drawing, checks work from maker (124) (q.v.), books it for office check for sorters (138) (q.v.), and removes it into warehouse.
cinder boy
see cave emptier.
cleaner, glass cleaner
(i) cleans glass from dirt and stains after it has been ground and polished;
(ii) in flint glass trade is a warehouse hand (942) (q.v.) cleaning glass.
cullet picker, cullet worker
sorts out cullet, i.e., waste glass for remelting, according to its suitability for various uses.
(i) cuts short lengths of rod or tube into still shorter lengths, with glazier's diamond,
(ii) cuts long lengths of tube, hot from drawing, into lengths, by touching tubes, at points indicated, with cold moistened iron tool, causing glass to crack.
dabs clay round furnace doors to make air-tight and keep in heat.
disc boy ; bench boy, bencher
supplies sand for grinding wheels in manufacture of plate glass, and assists disc man (138) (q.v.) generally by keeping discs clean and ready to disc man's hand.
drawer boy
see post boy.
dribble boy, dribbler
removes with metal scraper on to casting table, the dribble or dregs of molten glass left in cast (melting) pot after molten glass has been poured; puts back this dribble into pot to be re-melted.
enameller (chemical glassware)
rubs enamel, or powder, into graduations on chemical glassware.
fanner, fannier (glass tube drawing) ; boy (glass tube drawing)
fans glass during tube drawing with his cap, or with wooden fan under direction of blower (124) or, drawer (138) (q.v.), to cool glass and reduce speed of attenuation; with other hand using calipers, etc., measures glass and informs blower or drawer when correct gauge reached; does other odd jobs, e.g., fetching water used in cooling glass, touching glass with cold tool to break glass into lengths.
is a learner who dabs pumice powder, rotten stone, or putty powder, on wheels and brushes used by polisher (flint glass) (138) (q.v.).
removes lenses from block or runner by exposing them to ice-cold water.
see layer.
general hand
(i) is a labourer who renders general unskilled help;
(ii) in flint glass works is a glass house worker, usually one acting as extra footmaker (124) (q.v.).
glasshouse boy ; taker-in
assists bulb maker (124) (q.v.) by gripping hand moulds during blowing; catches blowing iron when it is thrown on grid by bulb maker; knocks-off adhering glass from end of blowing iron into box for re-melting, etc.; collects bulbs from grids and carries them to lehr.
glass house labourer
does any unskilled work in glass house, such as wheeling pot lorry, assisting in pot setting, etc.; c/. glass house worker (138).
grinder-off ; rubber-off
rubs sharp edge of machine made twist-off bottle on stone slab.
heaver-off, heaver-out
transferer', moves bottles from parison mould to finishing mould in semi-automatic machine; or transfers articles from mould in which they were pressed to mould in which they will be blown up.
in vertical drawing of cylinders attaches hook, from overhead block and pulley to lower cylinder to horizontal position; also does other general labouring work in department.
iron boy
cracks finished article off blowing iron and cleans iron of superfluous glass.
ladle boy
in rolled plate and drawn glass making runs empty ladles back to water cooling tank.
layer ; gangman
lays glass on grinding tables in preparation for grinder (138) (q.v.).
lehr drawer, lehr assistant ; panner-up
takes out finished work from cold end of lehr, or annealing oven; returns empty pans to front of lehr; cf. drawer (138).
lens cleaner
removes traces of pitch. i.e., adhesive, from lenses, after freezing off, with naphtha or other solvent.
fuses sharp ends of cut drawn tubes, from drawer (138) (q.v.), by placing tubes in clips and subjecting to bunsen flame.
mixes plaster in buckets for use by layers (q.v.); c/. mixer (138).
mould boy
assists blower (124) (q.v.) by opening, closing, and cooling mould.
slang term for labourer who cleans up slop and dirt in plate glass grinding sheds.
see lehr drawer.
pan winder (glass works)
in small establishments a labourer stationed at old type of annealing kiln; winds, by hand, chain to draw pans of glassware through kiln; does fetching and carrying to and from kiln.
pipe warmer, pipe hanger
heats blow-pipes ready for use by gatherer (123) or blower (124) (q.v.), issues pipes, and hangs them up when returned from use; is usually a pontyer or a ponty sticker (q.v.).
pontyer, puntyer
smooths off marks left on articles of glass ware after breaking off punty, polity or pontil, i.e., small stick of glass by which article is held during manipulation, by holding against revolving wheel, automatically fed with sand and water, and finishing on grinding and polishing stones: cf. pontyer (124).
ponty sticker, punty sticker
assists maker (124) (q.v.) by gathering small quantities of glass on solid rod, "ponty" or "punty," for making stem or foot of a glass, or for attaching to an article in process of making, to hold it when taken off blowpipe.
post boy, post holder, post man ; carrier-down, drawer boy, punter puller (glass tubes)
assists drawer (138) (q.v.) in glass tube drawing; places shaped end of post, i.e., large type of punty rod, against glass foundation and keeps even strain as drawer walks backwards from him in drawing; rolls post when drawer rolls blowing iron, to preserve shape of drawn tube.
pot chipper
chips off from old pots portions of glass adhering thereto, for re-melting; is usually engaged on other work for part of his time.
pot filler (glass house)
shovels batch, i.e. , mixture of materials, or cullet, i.e. , waste glass for re-melting, into pots or crucibles.
punter puller (glass tubes)
see post boy.
assists flattener (138) (q.v.) in plate glass manufacture by pushing glass cylinder into kiln, and by pushing flattening stone into and out of kiln.
see grinder-off.
runner, machine runner
oils, and keeps in adjustment, automatic continuous bottle making machines.
runner, carriage
a carrier who conveys cylinders of glass on metal carriage to battening kiln.
sand burner
fills receptacle, placed over a furnace, with sand, intended for glass making; heats to redness, to destroy any organic matter; stokes furnace.
sand filler
fills sand boxes used in connection with sand blasting machine.
sludge pit man
a labourer who empties sand settling pits in grinding sheds.
splitter girl
see carrier, cylinder.
see taker-out
sucker man
guides glass as it is carried by overhead crane, to which articles are attached by means of suction cups.
see glasshouse boy.
takes finished article from mould of machine, and places it ready for taker-in (q.v.).
taker-out ; carrier-off, stocker-up, wheeler-out
a carrier (q.v.) who takes finished articles from lehr, i.e. , annealing furnace, to warehouse.
see heaver-off.
washer, bottle washer
a warehouse hand who washes finished articles ready for packing.
washer, cullet ; metal washer
shovels cullet, i.e. , waste glass for re-melting into "metal," into a sieve; dips in water and shakes to remove dirt and other foreign matter; sometimes sorts into grades for sale.
washer, sand
shovels sand intended for glass making into washing machine, where any salts, chalk and other impurities are washed away; controls supply of water.
keeps a vat filled with wax; stokes furnace thereunder to melt wax; places glassware in wire cage, immerses, and removes when coated.
(i) in glass house assists blower; disconnects blown article from tube by dipping a piece of iron, "mullet," etc., in cold water and bringing into contact with hot blown article to crack it;
(ii) in silvering room washes sheet of glass with distilled water after polishing and bevelling, prior to silvering for mirrors, etc.
wheeler, cullet or moil
removes scrap or waste glass, sometimes called moil, from working places or to furnaces.
wheeler, frit
wheels batch, or mixture of materials, to melting tank, for sheet glass making.
wheeler, sand
(i) wheels sand, after it has been washed and burned, to mixing rooms; is usually occupied in other work for part of his time;
(ii) supplies sand for grinding wheels in manufacture of plate glass.
see taker-out.
in factories where annealing is done on a stage level above glass house, raises or winds finished bottles from glass house floor to stage level, for taker-in (q.v.) to carry to annealing kiln or arch.
in staining room, cleans glass finally before it is examined.
a warehouse girl who washes off dried putty powder from glass after polishing process.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.