A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
ORDER VII.—METAL WORKERS (NOT ELECTRO PLATE OR PRECIOUS METALS)
Sub-order 8.—Other Workers
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- edge tool fasher
- a filer q.v. making smooth, rough edges or "fash" of edge tool forgings.
- files and scrapes, with hand tools, surface of pipes, machines, engines, and parts needing tight jointing, where this is not done by machine; cf. facer (200).
- dresses, with appropriate files of various "cuts" and shapes, metal articles that have been cast, forged, pressed, stamped, wrought, etc., in order to remove rough edges (fashes), casting frazes, the excess of metal after brazing, etc., to make smooth, or to prepare for huffing and polishing where those operations are necessary; works, usually at bench and vice, using both hands, except iii case of small files, to drive file steadily in straight line, without "heeling"; in draw-filing to finish surface, draws file evenly across surface of article; sometimes specifically designated by the article filed, e.g. action filer, armature filer, axle filer, barrel filer, doctor filer (textile machinery), socket filer, etc., or by metal worked upon, e.g., brass filer, copper filer, etc.
- filer, eye (noodles)
- files off superfluous metal from needle stampings; breaks apart pairs of needles and smooths heads, holding work during operations in hand clamp.
- filer, foundry filer
- removes unevenness from castings by hand filing; files down stumps of "gates," "runners" and"risers" left on casting after most of excess metal has been removed by breaker-off (183) q.v.; cf. fettler (183).
- filer, key
- files wards in blank of key according to specification.
- filer, odd (cycles)
- see odd worker (cycles).
- filer, saw
- sharpens teeth of saw by hand, with file, immediately after setting.
- filer, scroll
- files and cleans surfaces of dies after they have been, roughly cut by die sinker (230) q.v. filer, tool; , keeps profile and other tools used in pottery making, in good condition, using a hand file; often done by potter's fitter (210) q.v.
- filer and floater
- a filer q.v. who rough files brass, bronze, etc., castings to remove casting "fraze ", and then works ever casting with a single cut file called a "float."
- filer and scraper (brass musical instruments)
- a filer q.v. who files and scrapes, with knife, joints of brass musical instruments to make perfectly smooth; also files edges and scrapes metal to vary thickness in order to improve tone.
- filer at notching machine (iron and steel rolling)
- a filer q.v. who files away rough edges of notches. Cut in steel rails by notching machine.
- filer at planes
- a filer q.v. who files away rough edges left on metal by planing machine.
- a filer q.v. who smooths or finishes off parts of machinery, engines, etc., inaccessible to machine tools, by hand filing.
- a filer q.v. who works over surface with a dead smooth or draw file, to produce good surface; sometimes specifically designated, e.g., tube floater.
- jointer (cutlery)
- fixes two scissor blades in a vice and files down edges till blades match one another; marks inside of each blade with corresponding numbers, and marks with a punch spot where screw hole is to be made.
- key cleaner
- a key filer q.v. who files smooth the barrel and wards- of cast keys.
- odd worker (cycles)
; odd filer
- finishes parts of cycles, with file, etc., at a bench.
- shanker (fish hooks)
- files, by hand, tapered shanks of fish hooks held in small vice at bench.
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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016. This text is in the Public Domain.