A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
ORDER XXII.—PERSONS EMPLOYED IN TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
Sub-order 1.—Railway Workers
702.—Railway Guards, etc.
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- acting guard
- a porter-guard q.v. who acts as guard q.v. in case of emergency.
- assistant guard
; under guard
- a goods guard or passenger guard q.v. travelling on section of train which is uncoupled from main train at certain point and goes forward as separate train; before train divides, is responsible for control of brakes in his portion of train and for passing-on starting signal to driver (701) q.v.; after train divides, takes charge as guard q.v. of his portion of train; sometimes specifically designated, e.g. assistant goods guard, assistant passenger-guard.
- attendant, ballast train
- see ballast guard.
- attendant, carriage; club carriage attendant, club saloon attendant, saloon attendant, sleeping car attendant
- as for attendant, train.
- attendant, train
- attends to passengers' comfort on long-distance expresses, especially night trains; patrols train, answers enquiries, tidies lavatories, etc.; on night trains, prepares sleeping compartments, issues pillows, rugs, etc. to passengers in ordinary compartments; sometimes examines passengers' tickets en route; for worker mainly so engaged, cf. ticket col lector (705).
- auto car guard
- see conductor, motor.
- ballast guard
; ballast train attendant, ballast brakesman
- a goods guard q.v. in charge of train of trucks conveying ballast for use in repair of permanent way.
- brakesman, ballast, goods, mineral, passenger
- see ballast guard, goods guard, mineral guard, passenger guard, respectively.
- branch guard
- a goods guard or passenger guard q.v. who works on branch line trains; sometimes specifically designated, e.g. branch goods guard, branch passenger guard.
- carriage guard
- see passenger guard.
- collector guard
- a passenger guard q.v. who collects passengers' tickets en route at certain stations on branch lines; sometimes issues voucher fares to passengers without tickets, and collects fares from them.
- conductor (electric railways)
- a passenger guard q.v. on an electric train.
- conductor, motor; motor car conductor, rail motor conductor
; motor guard, auto car guard
- a passenger guard q.v. in charge of a small train (generally of one or two coaches, propelled by engine controlled from one of these coaches) employed on local shuttle services; sometimes issues tickets to passengers boarding train en route, and collects fares from them.
- electric train conductor, electric train guard
- a passenger guard q.v. who accompanies an electric train in coach next to driver; receives bell signals from gatemen on underground railways; cf. gateman (electric train).
- fish guard
- a passenger guard q.v. in charge of train of trucks conveying fresh fish from port to London or other inland centres, and travelling under passenger train signalling arrangements.
- freight guard
- see goods guard.
- gateman (electric train)
- travels on platform at end of a coach, or pair of coaches, in an electric train and opens and closes gates at stopping stations; gives, or receives and passes on signal when train is ready to proceed.
- goods guard
; freight guard, goods brakesman
- a guard q.v. who works on a goods, ballast or mineral train, whether on main or branch line or in yard or siding; is responsible for seeing that packages or full trucks for foreign lines are delivered or uncoupled at tranship stations; sometimes also does work of train preparer q.v.
- in charge of a train (passenger, goods, etc.); examines train before journey is started to ensure that it is in running order; is responsible for keeping records of running times of his train; controls emergency brakes, gives starting signal to driver (701) q.v., and delivers railway correspondence at stopping stations.
- mineral guard
; mineral brakesman
- a goods guard q.v. in charge of mineral train.
- motor guard
- see conductor, motor.
- passenger guard
; carriage guard, passenger brakesman
- a guard q.v. in charge of a passenger train; sorts luggage and parcels en route to facilitate prompt discharge at stopping stations; sometimes examines and, in some cases, collects passengers' tickets between stations during journey; on rail motor and electric trains sometimes also issues tickets to passengers joining train at halts where there is no booking office.
- pilot guard
- a guard q.v. who pilots trains over portion of line where single line working is necessitated, or over bridges under repair.
- porter-guard, porter-brakesman
- a porter (706) q.v. employed most of his time as guard on local goods or passenger trains, learning guard's duties in preparation for promotion if suitable.
- relief guard, spare relief guard
- a guard (passenger or goods) q.v. who is available to take place of a guard absent from duty.
- sorting guard, parcels sorting guard
- a passenger guard q.v. who is specially delegated to sort parcels en route to facilitate prompt handling at stations.
- spare goods guard
- a goods guard q.v. available to take place of another guard absent from duty.
- train preparer
- goes along train in goods yard and sees that wagons are properly coupled before journey; graded as goods guard q.v. by whom work is sometimes done.
- tranship guard
- a goods guard q.v. who travels in train with passenger guard where goods from train are to be transhipped, i.e. loaded into vessels or transferred to other lines, etc.; remains with goods until transhipment completed and renders invoices to foreman porter (706) or to station master (700) q.v.
- under guard
- see assistant guard; sometimes specifically designated, e.g. under goods guard, under passenger guard.
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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016. This text is in the Public Domain.