A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
ORDER XVI.—MAKERS OF AND WORKERS IN PAPER; PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS, PHOTOGRAPHERS, ETC.
Sub-order 2.—Printers, Bookbinders, and Photographers
528.—Lithographic Artists and Transferers
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- artist, autograph
- a lithographic draughtsman q.v. who copies signatures or hand-writing, either on to lithographic stone, or on to paper from which designs are transferred to stone.
- artist, chromo
- works upon stones to be used for reproductions of designs in colour by lithographic process; applies on each of the stones used for a given design an amount of chalk corresponding to the strength of the colour at each point, and is thus responsible for reproduction of colour values in original drawing, also often applies lithographic ink with a brush, to retouch and strengthen drawing.
- artist, lithographic
- an artist either engaged in original work for reproduction by lithographic process, or acting as lithographic draughtsman q.v. or as chromo artist q.v.; (pottery) designs lithographic transfers for use in decoration of pottery, earthenware and china.
- artist, monochrome
- a lithographic artist q.v. who works in one colour.
- cartographer, chartographer
- see draughtsman, geographical ; cf. cartographer (932).
- colourer, colourist, plan
- see map colourer.
- colourer, print
- applies colour by hand to printed outlines on lithographic stone.
- designer, lithographic designer
- designs borders, end-pieces, monograms, lettering, etc., for reproduction by lithographic process.
- draughtsman, geographical
; cartographer, chartographer, topographer
- draws map, and prepares for its reproduction by engraving or by lithographic process, by indicating colours to be used, lettering, etc.; is responsible for its geographical accuracy, for correct enlargement or reduction of scale, and for accuracy of colouring.
- draughtsman, lithographic; printer's draughtsman
- copies or traces design on paper from which it is transferred to stone, or on stone.
- see draughtsman, lithographic.
- lithographic writer
- a lithographic draughtsman q.v. skilled in lettering.
- map colourer, map colourist
; plan colourer, plan colourist
- tints drawing prepared by geographical draughtsman q.v. before printing by lithographic process; or colours by hand, maps printed in black and white.
- print stenciller
- colours maps or prints, or marks patterns on paper, with stencil plates and liquid colours, orby means of an aerograph, an instrument working by compressed air, which discharges colour in form of fine spray from nozzle.
- stippler (lithographer's)
- a lithographic artist q.v. who obtains effects of graduated tones by stippling.
- see draughtsman, geographical.
- transfer engraver
- engraves copper or steel plates, for printing transfers for lithographic machines.
- (i) see transfer maker;
- (ii) combines functions of transfer maker and transfer puller q.v.
- transfer maker
- works over red chalk drawing of original, on transfer paper, with lithographic chalks, in preparation for transferring it to stone; sometimes also acts as transfer puller q.v.
- transfer patcher
- applies patches to transfers, to alter small details, e.g., agent's name on an advertisement, and thus save making fresh transfer.
- transfer printer
- prints, with lithographic ink upon litho paper, design from engraved plate which is to be reproduced by lithographic process, as in music printing.
- transfer puller (lithographer's)
- inks small copper plate or lithographic stone, and, with hand press, prints transfers (or copies from original) which he then pulls off plate or stone; or applies transfer to warm stone; pulls it through press; wets transfer and peels it off.
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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016. This text is in the Public Domain.