A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
ORDER VII.—METAL WORKERS (NOT ELECTRO PLATE OR PRECIOUS METALS)
Sub-order 8.—Other Workers
230.—Die Cutters and Sinkers
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- bookbinders' tool cutter, bookbinders' tool engraver
- a die cutter q.v. who cuts, in brass, tools used by bookbinders for embossing purposes.
- brand cutter
- see mark cutter.
- copper roller engraver
- a die engraver q.v. who engraves lettering, monograms, etc., on copper rollers.
- die cutter
- cuts die in relief out of block of mild steel, using hammer and fine chisels, lathe and milling or routing machine and following a design shown in plan, elevation and section; cf. die sinker and die engraver.
- die engraver
- (i) a die cutter q.v. who cuts designs or letters in intaglio on metal dies with graving tools, for colour printing, stationery embossing, etc.; work is similar to that of die sinker q.v. except that design is not cut so deeply;
- (ii) cuts designs or letters in relief for typefounding, printing wheels, etc., using hand graving tools or by operating an engraving or pantographing machine.
- die sinker
- (i) a die cutter q.v. who cuts die in intaglio in mild steel blocks;
- (ii) engine die sinker; fixes steel block and plaster model or pattern of die to be sunk, in power-driven die sinking machine which works on principle of pantograph; guides pointer of machine over outlines of pattern; finishes die by removing rough edges, cleaning angles, etc., with fine chisels and hammer.
- die sinker's machinist
- (i) operates routing or milling machines to remove surplus metal from die; cf. milling machinist (200);
- (ii) operates die sinking machine under direction of die sinker q.v. who sets block, tool and pattern.
- engine die sinker
- see die sinker.
- heraldic chaser, heraldic engraver
- a die engraver q.v. who engraves dies in reverse or relief, required in making heraldic devices, using hand tools.
- letter cutter
- a die cutter q.v. who specialises in cutting letters in dies by pantograph machine.
- letter finisher
- removes burrs and cleans corners, etc., in machine cut letters with hammer and fine chisels.
- mark cutter, mark maker, stamp mark cutter, stamp mark engraver
; brand cutter, stamp cutter, stamp maker
- as for die cutter, cutting in reversed relief letters and other designs in steel and copper stamps for stamping or branding marks; uses routing machine to remove superfluous metal, if lettering or design is to be cut in high relief.
- mould cutter, mould maker (artificial teeth)
- cuts brass or gunmetal tooth mould to shape of tooth required with gravers, fine chisels and hammer; smooths and polishes moulds by rubbing with a small stick of Arblansas stone.
- punch cutter, punch engraver (typefounding)
- a die cutter q.v. who cuts letters, figures, etc., in relief on steel punches, by hand tools or by use of electrically-driven profiling or pantograph machine tool; the punches are subsequently used to impress type matrices in brass, copper or phosphor bronze.
- relief engraver
- a die engraver q.v. who cuts only in relief with hand tools.
- seal engraver
- a die sinker q.v. who specialises in cutting in reversed intaglio, designs or monograms for seals in gold, silver, stone, etc.
- stamp designer
- a mark cutter q.v. who designs and executes trade, proprietary or other marks, usually for use in making textiles; sometimes specifically designated, e.g., bleacher's stamp' designer, copper stamp designer.
- stamp cutter, stamp maker
- see mark cutter ; sometimes specifically designated, e.g., bleacher's stamp cutter, copper stamp cutter, endorsing stamp maker, steel stamp cutter.
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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016. This text is in the Public Domain.