A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—Textile Workers

371.—Silk Winders, Cleaners, and Doublers

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baller, twist; warp baller
makes warp on a circular frame, and winds it off in ball form for convenience in handling; places yarn bobbins in creel, guides ends through frame and attaches to balling device; starts and stops frame by hand lever, etc.
bottle bobbin worker
doffs cone, or bottle bobbin, as filled during silk winding and replaces with empty one; joins broken threads; cf. doffer (309).
cheeser, cheesing frame minder, cheesing frame tenter
a winder q.v. who minds a winding frame which winds silk on conical or cheese-shaped bobbins.
cleaner, clearer (throwing) ; cleaner piecer, drawer (mill department)
winds raw silk from bobbins, through cleaning or clearing knives, on to fresh bobbins, to remove dirt, lumps, etc.; clears obstructions, tangled thread, etc., from knives, joins broken threads and re-starts machine.
copper, copping frame minder, copping frame tenter ; tube machinist
a winder q.v. who minds a machine in which silk yarn is wound in cylindrical form or cop from hanks, skeins or bobbins on to a small paper tube.
doubler, frame
see doubler (spun silk).
doubler (gum silk)
minds a doubling machine or frame in which two ox more threads of raw silk, in gummy state, are wound together, on a bobbin, with no twist; guides thread ends through fallers, etc., to winding-on bobbins; keeps machine running; pieces, i.e., mends, broken threads, doffs full bobbins and replaces with empty.
doubler (spun silk) ; doubler piecer, frame doubler, spooler (spun silk doubling), twister (doubling), winder (spun silk doubling)
minds a doubling machine or frame which twists two or more yarns of spun silk together to form a heavier and stronger yarn; guides yarn ends through machine to winding-on bobbins; mends broken threads; doffs empty bobbins; sometimes specifically designated according to type of machine, e.g., ring doubler, trap doubler.
doubler (thrown silk) ; doubler piecer, doubling winder
minds a doubling machine or frame in which two or more threads of thrown silk are wound together, on a bobbin, with little or no twist.
doubler of shute
a doubler (spun silk) q.v. who doubles spun silk weft yarn, for use in weaving.
drawer (mill department)
see cleaner (throwing).
drummer, silk drummer
a winder q.v. winding silk threads, for lace manufacture, on a drum.
filler, braid
a winder q.v. attending machine winding silk threads from bobbins to quills for braid weaving; may wind single, two or more threads into each quill and may attend machine having automatic stops operating when specific amounts, e.g. 100 yards, are wound.
filler, hand
a filler or winder q.v. using hand-controlled winding frame.
filler (silk weaving)
see winder ; sometimes specifically designated, e.g., quill filler.
filler of shute
a winder q.v. of silk weft.
lacer, reel
laces or threads ends of silk strands from reel through guides to bobbin on winding machine.
lacer, silk lacer
inserts fork-like hand tool between strands of skein and pushes through a lace of spun silk, backwards and forwards, to keep strands in position in skein for dyeing or re-winding.
piecer, cleaner
see cleaner (throwing).
piecer, doubler
(i) see doubler (spun silk);
(ii) see doubler (thrown silk).
piecer, engine
see winder.
piecer, machine
pieces, i.e. mends or joins, filaments broken in clearing or in doubling.
piecer, soft silk
see winder, soft silk.
piecer, swift
see reeler.
plug girl
as for winder, cop.
a winder q.v. who minds a machine winding silk on to quills.
recleaner ; re-winder
passes raw silk, already once cleaned, through cleaning knives a second time; for processes, cf. cleaner.
reeler, reel mill hand ; hank winder, skeiner, skein winder, swift piecer
minds a reeling machine, which winds spun yarn from bobbins on to reels in form of skeins or hanks; as for winder.
see recleaner.
see reeler.
spinner, sewing cord
a ring doubler (spun silk) q.v., who spins a thicker sewing cord of spun silk.
spinner, silk cord
a doubler (thrown or spun silk) q.v. who doubles a number of threads required to make a thicker thread or silk cord; cf. silk cord maker (398).
spooler, silk spooler
a winder q.v. who winds silk on to spools.
spooler, automatic
a winder q.v. minding a winding frame which has an automatic doffing attachment.
spooler (spun silk doubling)
see doubler (spun silk).
tube machinist
see copper.
twister (doubling)
see doubler (spun silk).
winder, yarn winder, engine winder ; engine piecer, filler (silk weaving)
general terms for an operative who minds any type of winding frame, winding thrown silk or spun silk yarn; threads ends of strand from skeins through guides of machine to winding-on bobbin, cop, pirn, etc.; stops machine and mends broken strands by twisting-in; replaces full bobbins with empty ones and vice versa; in winding from several small bobbins to one large bobbin, pieces lengths of yarn as necessary; usually specifically designated, according to way in which silk is wound, e.g., bobbin winder, cone winder, cop winder, pin winder, pirn winder, plug winder, quill winder.
winder, doubling
see doubler (thrown silk).
winder, hank
see reeler.
winder, silk (lace) ; slip winder
winds silk threads, for use in lace making, from hanks or cops on to spools or bobbins.
winder, skein
see reeler.
winder, slip
see winder, silk (lace).
winder, soft silk ; soft silk piecer
a winder q.v. who minds a machine for winding silk after it has been degummed.
winder (spun silk doubling)
see doubler (spun silk).
winder, wet
a winder q.v. who minds a machine which winds silk thread from a bobbin, draws it through a solution, and rewinds it on a quill for use in weaving.
wood coner (silk)
a winder q.v. who winds yarn on to conical wooden tubes for convenience in warping.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.