A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
ORDER XXII.—PERSONS EMPLOYED IN TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
Sub-order 3.—Water Transport Workers
744.—Coal Boat Loaders and Dischargers
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- bank rider, brakesman (coal drops)
- see wagon man.
- tips coal from baskets or trucks into coal bins or bunkers as they are lowered by hoist; directs coal chute into bunkers; cf. trapper.
- genera) term for one of coal barge crew, who assists in unloading coal from barge to ship or to quay, includes bunker, trimmer, loader q.v.
- discharger, coal boat
- general term for any labourer engaged in discharging coal, including coal unloader, coal whipper q.v.; usually uses a crane fitted with a skip.
- dog lad
- attaches slings or dogs to coal baskets or trucks to enable them to be hoisted in or out of ship's bunkers.
- hobbler, coal
- a casual worker who assists coal trimmers q.v. in emergency.
- hoist worker, coal (staithes); coal derrick labourer
- fills containers with coal by shovelling, and attaches them to chain of hoist ready for slinging into ship's hold.
- labourer, coal wharf (staithes)
- works on wharf where coal is discharged or loaded into ships either by hoist or tip; sweeps wharf, supplies coke to cranes, hoists and removes ashes, etc.
- labourer on coal lighter, dock
- fills, by shovelling, baskets or metal containers with coal prior to their being lifted by crane from lighter to ship, or trims coal in lighter to enable grabs to pick it up; cf. trimmer.
- loader, coal; coal lumper
- one of a team of men engaged in coaling a vessel by carrying it in baskets or other receptacles along gangway to ship and discharging it into holds or bunkers.
- rope runner (colliery wharf)
- under supervision of colliery wharf foreman (740) q.v., is engaged in hauling trucks to and from coal twists and wharf in loading of ships with coal for export or carriage coastwise; as for rope runner (043).
- see teemer.
- teamer, coal (staithes)
- in charge of horses which are used to draw trucks of coal under cranes and into tipping sheds.
- teemer, coal teemer, coal tipper (staithes)
- stands on table of coal hoist on to which wagon is run; at a given signal, withdraws bolts from hinged front or side of wagon, which is then mechanically tilted, causing coal to fall down chute into ship's bunkers.
- trapper (staithes), trap lad
- (Tyneside terms) checks flow of coal from chute to. ship's bunkers, by moving a lever which raises end of chute, to prevent coal being broken too small by falling too heavily, or to prevent one part of bunker being heaped up too high.
- trimmer, coal trimmer
- stands in ship's hold or bunker when she is being loaded with coal as cargo or as bunker coal; as each wagon is emptied down chute into hold by coal tipper q.v. trims (levels) coal with shovel, so that it lies smooth and will not shift during voyage, causing ship to list; signals to tipper q.v. when ready to receive fresh load; cf. trimmer (736).
- unloader coal
- fills baskets, or other receptacles, with coal in ship's hold, and fastens them to rope or chain ready for hoisting to quayside; cf. coal whipper.
- wagonman, wagon rider
; bank rider, brakesman (coal drops)
- accompanies loaded coal wagon (running alongside wagon or hanging on by hand) down gradient along which wagon descends by gravitation; drops brake bar to check speed when necessary; at incline bottom, sometimes pulls-over point lever to allow wagon to run into coal hoist sidings.
- whipper, coal
- unloads coal, with help of jib-hoist (crane fitted with receptacle for coal), from vessels into barge, lighter or railway wagon alongside; pulls levers to lower and raise receptacle to and from ship's hold for filling, etc.; at given signal from trimmer q.v., swings filled receptacle into position and discharges coal therefrom into barge, lighter, or wagon.
- wing man, coal wing man
- a coal trimmer q.v. who trims coal in ship's hold round stanchions.
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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016. This text is in the Public Domain.