A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—Builders, Bricklayers, Stone and Slate Workers; Contractors

574.—Architectural, Monumental Carvers

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architectural sculptor
see stone carver.
ecclesiastical sculptor
a highly skilled stone carver (q.v.) who carves designs or figures, from designs furnished to him, for church decoration; sometimes also carves in wood, cf. ecclesiastical wood carver (485).
engraver, stone engraver ; letter cutter
sketches lettering of inscription in pencil on stone, marble, etc.; cuts out letters with graving tools and chisels, and sometimes also paint? them with hand brushes and paint; where lettering is to be lead filled, recesses letters, i.e. cuts them more deeply; may also fill recessed letters with molten lead; when lead has cooled, planes off projections to leave smooth surface; sometimes specifically designated, e.g. marble engraver; monumental engraver, monumental letter engraver, monumental marble engraver, tombstone engraver.
foliage carver
a stone carver (q.v.) who specialises on foliage designs.
gravestone cutter
a stone engraver (q.v.) who cuts inscriptions on gravestones.
letter cutter
see engraver.
marble sculptor
see stone carver.
monumental sculptor
a stone carver (q.v.) who is sufficiently skilled to carve elaborate monuments, figures, etc.
sculptor's pointer
indicates, by means of special measuring instrument, called a "pointer," for guidance of sculptor or stone carver (q.v.) where relief points are to appear in sculptored [sic] or carved design, and chips away, with hammer, or mallet, and chisels, superfluous stone, marble, etc., ready for sculptor or carver.
stone carver ; architectural sculptor, marble sculptor
cuts or carves, with special chisels and mallet, into a design prepared by architect, blocks of stone, sometimes roughly shaped for him by sculptor's pointer (q.v.).

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.