A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—Builders, Bricklayers, Stone and Slate Workers; Contractors

570.—Slating and Tilng

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asbestos slater ; paper slater
fixes by hand, with hammer and nails, asbestos slates, tiles, or sheets used instead of slates on roof.
blue slater
a slater (q.v.) who works in blue or ordinary slates, as distinct from grey slates; cf. grey slater.
felt roofer, felter
covers roof with "felt" before it is slated; and fastens down with hammer and nails.
grey slater ; Westmorland slater, parchester slater, par Chester rough caster, rough caster (slater)
a slater q.v. who works in parchester or grey slates; requires more skill and experience in matching, holing and trimming, owing to difficulties of material worked in.
paper slater
see asbestos slater.
parchester rough caster, parchester slater
see grey slater.
roof repairer
a slater or tiler (q.v.) who repairs damaged roofs.
roof tiler ; tiler
instructs carpenter as to correct distance between battens on roof, which depends on size of tiles; nails tiles to battens; trims tiles to fit awkward places in roof, with hammer and chisels or with special cutting tool; fixes and torches ridge tiles, cf. slater.
rough caster (slater)
see grey slater.
sheet asphalt roofer
an asphalt layer (579) (q.v.) who spreads hot asphalt brought to him by a labourer, on flat roof, using hand trowel, wooden float, or a similar tool.
sorts slates into "clumps," i.e., into groups of approximately equal thickness, and takes care that those in same clump are fixed together, to preserve uniformity; sees that labourer loads roof properly; trims edges of slates with a chopping tool called a "saxe"; marks, with a gauge, places where holes are to be pierced in slates and pierces holes, where indicated, with a spike attached to saxe; attaches slates to roof with hammer and nails; fixes ridge tiles and torches them, i.e., secures them in place by filling interstices with mortar; in repairing roofs, rips out nails from damaged slates with a metal tool known as a "rip," inserts new slates and secures them in position with clips of lead or zinc.
tally slater
a slater (q.v.) who can cut his own slates.
see roof tiler.
vulcanite roofer, vulcanite roofing layer
lays hot vulcanite on flat roofs; as for sheet asphalt roofer.
Westmorland slater
see grey slater.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.