A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 4.—Foundry Workers

182.—Iron or Steel Foundry Furnace and Cupola Men

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blast furnaceman
see cupola man.
blast tenter
in charge of fans or blowers which produce blast to assist in melting of iron in cupola or furnace.
cast house furnaceman
see cupola man.
charger, cupola; furnace charger ; cupola feeder
wheels filled trucks or barrows of coal or coke, pig iron or scrap iron, and limestone from top of hoist to charging door of cupola, opens door and tips in contents of barrows; closes door and returns empty trucks to hoist for refilling; cf. blast furnace charger (279).
crucible man (steel furnace)
places crucibles containing materials for making special steel in furnace, using long-handled tongs, and withdraws it when steel is melted and at suitable temperature for casting, cupola feeder, see charger, cupola.
cupola hand ; furnace attendant, furnaceman
general term for men assisting at cupola furnace in foundry, including cupola charger, charge wheeler (279) q.v., men assisting at tapping molten iron and slag into ladles, and re-plugging tap holes, or performing any general semi-skilled or unskilled work about the cupola.
cupola man, cupola tenter ; blast furnacemen, cast house furnaceman, furnace tenter, iron heater (foundry), smelter (foundry)
is in charge of cupola, a furnace in which pig iron and scrap are melted ready for casting, and supervises men engaged thereon; is responsible for correct charging of cupola with coke and iron, for air blast blown in near bottom through tuyeres, and for periodic tapping of molten iron and slag into ladles; work similar to that of furnace keeper in ironworks (171) q.v. , except that cupola is usually smaller and is charged with pig-iron instead of iron-ore; usually taps cupola himself by breaking baked clay stopper with hammer and pointed iron bar to withdraw slag and metal into separate ladles and assists in replugging hole with moist clay; prevents accumulation of slag by poking with iron rod at blast, or tuyere; watches progress of melting of iron through mica windows set in side of cupola; sometimes does work of cupola fettler (566) q.v.; cf. cupola man (279).
electric furnaceman (foundry)
controls switches which supply electric current to small furnace in which special steels are melted by heat generated by electric current; places known weights of steel, broken into small pieces, in furnace and adds carefully weighed amount of manganese, chromium or other special metal in furnace and switches on current which melts mixture; taps off metal into small ladle for casting,
furnace attendant, furnaceman
see cupola hand.
furnace tenter
see cupola man.
iron heater (foundry)
see cupola man.
smelter (foundry)
see cupola man.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.