A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 4.—Other Workers in Transport and Communication


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aeronaut ; balloonist
ascends in basket of balloon; by means of valve, allows gas to escape, and thus causes the balloon to descend or lets out ballast, to lighten balloon and cause it to ascend; reads meteorological and other instruments; keeps log, maintaining a continuous record of voyage.
see pilot.
see aeronaut.
coxswain of airships ; navigator (airships)
is responsible for navigation of airships; reads instruments recording altitude; , wind velocity, etc.; observes clouds and deduces altitude for most favourable airway; steers course and regulates speed by instructions to engineers.
navigator, air navigator
an air pilot q.v. specially trained in reading instruments which indicate altitude, wind velocity, etc., and in observation of weather conditions generally for piloting air-liner or aeroplane along most favourable airway; accompanies air pilots in training, and advises them how to manipulate controls so as to keep an even keel under varying weather conditions; takes air-liners on new routes, and maps out courses for air pilots to follow; accompanies air pilots on unusual routes to advise and assist them in navigation of flying machines.
navigator (airships)
see coxswain of airships.
pilot, aeroplane pilot, air pilot, aircraft pilot, aerial pilot ; aviator
a holder of Air Ministry's license who pilots flying machine; controls, by and, direction column or wheel, and moves rudder bar with foot, to determine, by movements of aerlerons [sic] and rudder, the elevation and direction of flight; opens and closes throttle valve of engine, to control speed and attends generally to running of engine; reads map and compass, and observes features of land or sea traversed (if visible) to see that he is keeping straight course; receives and transmits messages by wireless en route; sometimes also makes meteorological observations en route, records wind directions and velocities, temperatures, etc.; is required to keep log book, recording times, mileage, working of engine and of controls, mishaps or other unusual occurrences, etc.; hands in log book to office of air superintendent (750) q.v.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.