A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—Builders, Bricklayers, Stone and Slate Workers; Contractors

580.—Well, Mine—Sinkers, Borers

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bailer, baler (oil wells)
operates power-driven baler or pump used for extracting water and oil from drill hole during drilling operations; erects, by hand, troughs or conveyors from drilled hole to containers or receiving tanks.
borer, artesian; artesian driller ; artesian well sinker, well borer, well driller
drills holes for artesian wells with special machine drill, through impermeable strata, e.g., chalk, to permeable stratum, e.g., greensand; erects tackle, i.e., steel derrick, over spot where drilling operations are to take place; connects shafting from power drive of stationary engine to derrick; connects drilling or boring tools to sections of rods; as drilling proceeds, lengthens rods by bolting-on more sections; controls hand levers of mechanical drilling apparatus; uses various mechanical or hand-manipulated devices for hauling-up or lowering rods and drills; if necessary, inserts steel tubes in drilled hole, bolting various sections together as required; regulates power operating mechanical "shell tool," or sludge pump, for drawing-out debris during drilling.
borer, mine borer, mineral borer
makes trial boring to test probable mineral wealth of prospected mine for mine sinking contractor; as for borer, artesian; sometimes makes observations of direction of bore, using direction finding apparatus; cf. borer (054).
borer, oil well
see driller (oil wells).
borer, well ; well driller
(i) see borer, artesian;
(ii) see driller (oil well);
(iii) see sinker, pump.
derrick man, derrick floor man (oil wells)
works on derrick or staging, fixing rigging, assisting driller, etc.; may also keep pump or baler in good repair.
driller, artesian
see borer, artesian.
driller (brine wells)
as for driller (oil wells)
drilling often done by wellman (079) (q.v.).
driller (oil wells) ; oil well borer, well borer, well driller
operates machine drill to sink the borehole down to oil bearing rock; adjusts "jars," i.e., lengthens drill as boring proceeds; lowers pipe to line sides of borehole where inis is necessary; usually works under instructions of the driller in charge, who is responsible for drillings, derrick management, and power plant on alternate shifts.
driller, well
see borer, well.
a driller (q.v.) or assistant to driller who operates the "runner" tackle for lifting rods for each fall of drill stem in boring operations.
sinker, mine sinker, pit sinker, shaft sinker
usually a miner (hewer) (042 or 054) (q.v.) who excavates earth and rock with pick, machine drill and blasting to sink pit shaft in mine; sometimes only directs operations of drilling and excavating.
sinker, artesian well
see borer, artesian.
sinker, pump; well sinker ; well borer, well driller
digs out with pick and shovel, clay, gravel, etc., down to impermeable stratum, e.g., chalk to sink a shallow well for water drawing with winch and bucket, or for village pump, etc.; for artesian well sinking, cf. borer, artesian.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.