A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—In Coal and Shale Mines

040.—Owners, Agents, Managers

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agent, colliery agent, mining agent
captain, chief viewer, resident viewer, steward, viewer; is in complete control of technical and commercial affairs of colliery or shale mine and is responsible to directors alone; appoints subordinate superintending staff (041) and personally deals with all important matters; at some mines, surface duties are delegated to surface agent (q.v.) and underground duties to underground agent (q.v.).
see agent.
chief viewer
see agent.
coal master
see lessee ; cf. master (041).
see surveyor.
engineer, mine engineer
(i) in Durham and Northumberland , has charge of all boilers and machinery on surface and below ground; keeps wage book showing shifts worked by mechanics and wages due to them; supervises work of engine- wrights (041) (q.v.);
(ii) in Scotland, see surveyor.
general manager
an agent (q.v.) who is manager of group of collieries often with several certificated managers under him.
see surveyor.
lessee ; coal master, owner, coal owner
holds lease to work minerals from royalty master (q.v.); may sometimes perform managerial work as managing director.
see royalty master.
see surveyor.
manager, certified manager, colliery manager ; superintendent
has entire management of colliery or shale mine, and is responsible for observance of Coal Mines Act, 1611, and of general regulations thereunder; must hold first class certificate of competency under the Mines Department and be not less than 25 years of age; must make daily personal supervision of mine and acquire practical experience of all work done; sometimes acts as commercial manager.
owner, coal owner
see lessee.
resident viewer
see agent.
royalty agent
a mining engineer who acts on behalf of royalty owners; goes down pit and measures, by means of various instruments, etc., coal worked out in order to check colliery estimates of output.
royalty master, or owner
lessor an owner of minerals who receives "royalty" (of so much a ton) from lessee for all disposable coal won.
(i) see agent;
(ii) in Yorkshire is manager (q.v.) of small pit.
see manager.
surface agent, surface manager
has charge of surface work at colliery under chief agent; appoints subordinate superintending staff on surface, e.g., bank foreman (041); gives all important decisions on surface work.
surveyor, colliery surveyor ; dialler, engineer (Scotland), latcher, linesman
takes bearings in mine by means of dial or compass; books all bearings and length of bearing as measured by chain man (047) (q.v.); plots survey and prepares plans of mine workings from surveys made as required by Coal Mines Act, 1911; sees that roads are driven according to plan; sometimes specifically designated, e.g. underground surveyor.
underground agent
an agent (q.v.) who has all responsibility for organisation of work underground; appoints all subordinate underground officials; co-operates with manager (q.v.).
under-manager, certified under- manager, colliery under-manager ; under-viewer
is responsible, under the manager, for management of mine and for all persons employed under him; must be qualified as required by Section 5 (2) of Coal Mines Act, 1911; in absence of manager is wholly responsible for working of mine; is often assisted by assistant under-manager (041) (q.v.) and by one or more over-men (041) (q.v.).
see under-manager.
see agent.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.