A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921.
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Sub-order 1.—Agricultural Occupations

023.—Agricultural Labourers, Farm Servants—Distinguished as in Charge of Horses

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horseman, ploughman, teamster, wagoner, waggoner; is entirely responsible for care of horses under his control and attends to watering, feeding and bedding; harnesses horses and drives them in accordance with whatever work is to be undertaken, e.g. ploughing, reaping, harrowing, carting, etc.; sometimes supervises work of under-carter (q.v.); cf. ploughman; on sewage farm, carts sewage to spread on the land.
carter's boy ; wagoner's boy
a farm lad (024) (q.v.) who assists carter (q.v.) in care of horses.
Scottish term; a leading ploughman (q.v.) who is given first choice of work to be done, takes horses first out of stable and puts them back first, other workers following his lead; may also receive day's orders from farmer (011) or grieve (015) (q.v.) to be passed on to other workers.
mixes food for and feeds and waters horses; sponges, brushes down and curries horses; cleans stables and attends to harness; is particularly concerned with carriage horses or hunters; sometimes specifically designated, e.g. shire groom.
groom, stud
usually the head groom (q.v.) at a horse breeding farm; assists at foaling and rears young horses with special care and attention; may break in horses to saddle or harness.
hind (in charge of horses)
lives in a cottage belonging to the farm and acts as horsekeeper (q.v.).
looks after horses, and grooms and feeds them; sometimes also works them, cf. carter.
see carter.
plough boy
assists ploughman (q.v.) by leading horses which draw the plough.
(i) general term applied to any worker engaged in ploughing with either a horse-drawn or mechanically propelled plough;
(ii) In England (Midlands and South) a carter (q.v.) engaged on the operations of ploughing;
(iii) In North of England and Scotland, see carter.
ploughman steward
term used in Northumberland, and on large farms in other parts of North of England for ploughman (q.v.) also acting as head man on farm.
stallion leader
grooms, feeds and travels with stallion when in service; responsible to owner for proper care of animal.
see carter.
under-carter, under-horseman
a second carter or younger man who does work in connection with horses as carter (q.v.) but who is under the supervision of the carter.
wagoner, waggoner
see carter.
wagoner's boy
see carter's boy.

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From: A Dictionary of Occupational Terms Based on the Classification of Occupations used in the Census of Population, 1921,
Ministry of Labour, 1927. Digitised by Peter Christian, August, 2016.   This text is in the Public Domain.